Source: United Benefit Advisors
States have two major decisions to make with respect to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) — whether they will run the health exchange themselves, and whether they will expand Medicaid to cover most individuals whose income is below 133 percent of the federal poverty level.
Beginning in 2014, all states will have a health exchange. If a state chooses not to run an exchange, the federal government will run the exchange for the state. An exchange run by the federal government for a state is called a federally facilitated exchange (FFE). States may also choose to share the operation of an exchange with the federal government – that is called a partnership exchange.
States also have to decide whether they will expand Medicaid coverage to most individuals who have an income below 133 percent of the federal poverty level (FPL). The FPL is $11,490 for a single person and $23,550 for a family of four in 2013. The federal government will pay most of the cost of expanded Medicaid coverage, but some states have concerns about the ultimate cost of the expansion to the states.
As of Feb. 1, 2013, the states had made the following choices. (The deadline for most exchange elections for 2014 has passed, although states may elect a partnership exchange for 2014 until Feb. 15, 2013. There is no deadline for the Medicaid election. It is expected that many states will make the Medicaid expansion decision as part of their 2013 budgeting process.)
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